Timeline

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1800s

1804: Van Dieman's Land

1810s

1810: Aboriginal missions | School for Aboriginal children established
1817: Different religions

1820s

1824: Conflict & killing of Aboriginal people, Bathurst

1830s

1832: Assisted migration Chinese, Indian, South Sea Islanders | Merthyr Tydfil riot leaders arrive in Sydney
1834: British law | Pinjarra massacre | 'Tolpuddle Martyrs' arrive in Australia
1835: German settlers
1837: Protector of Aborigines | Aboriginal massacre, Gravesend
1838: Myall Creek massacre | Punitive expedition, NSW | German settlers arrive in SA
1839: Canadian exiles | First full-time ethnic schools established

1840s

1840: Chinese, Italian, Greek, German migration | Aboriginal massacre | Convict transportation | Assisted migration
1841: Aboriginal massacre, Rufus River | Caroline Chisholm
1843: 'Anti-Coolie' petition organised | Assisted migration reintroduced | Chartists arrive in Hobart
1846: Spanish missionaries
1847: Pacific Islanders
1848: Aboriginals killed | European refugees | First foreign language newspaper | First Young Ireland transportees
1849: Chinese labourers

1850s

1850: Gold Rushes - migrants from many countries | First convicts arrive in Western Australia
1851: Pastoral leases, SA
1855: Immigration restriction & racial violence
1857: Aboriginal people attack, Dawsons Creek | Anti-Chinese Restriction Bill & taxes, SA
1858: Non-Aboriginal population, 1 million.

1860s

1860: European & Asian migration | 'Afghan' cameleers | South Sea Islanders | Protection & Anti-Immigration League
1861: Anti-Chinese riot | Anti-Chinese legislation | Chinese population size | Pearling industry | Aboriginal people kill 19
1863: Torres Strait Islands - European settlement | Pacific Islanders
1867: Anti-Chinese legislation lifted | Anti-Chinese riot | Chinese immigration restrictions | Aboriginal cricket team
1868: Aboriginal people killed | Polynesian Labourers Act | Last convicts arrive
1869: Aborigines Protection Boards | Captain Daggett is tried for kidnapping

1870s

1871: Irish immigrants
1873: Rioting in Victoria
1876: Truganini dies
1877: Anti-Chinese legislation - Qld | Anti-Chinese riot | Aboriginal people kill Daintree settlers
1878: Seamen strike about chinese crews | Anti-Chinese meeting | Synagogue erected, Sydney
1879: Chinese immigration opposed

1880s

1880: Restrictions on Chinese & Irish immigration
1881: Chinese immigration restrictions | Settlement at New Italy | Assisted immigration regulations
1882: NSW Aborigines Protection Board
1884: Aboriginal massacre, NT | Trade union agitation against Chinese
1885: Royal Commission investigates South Sea Islander kidnappings
1886: Anti-Chinese legislation and campaign | Assisted immigration ceases | Aborigines Protection Board
1887: Enquiry by Chinese Government | Brisbane publication takes anti-Chinese line
1888: Chinese immigration legislation | Chinese passengers stopped | White Australia Policy | 1st Mosque, Adelaide
1889: Immigration of South Sea Islanders stopped

1890s

1890: Immigration numbers reduced
1892: French language newspaper for Australia
1896: Victorian Factories and Shops Act | Coloured Races Restriction and Regulation Act
1897: Aboriginal reserves | Dictation test, WA
1898: Australia's 1st Orthodox church

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